Part 2: Water Storage and Purification
According to the United States Geological Society (USGS) the average person uses between 80 and 100 gallons of water per day (USGS, 2013). A single toilet flush can use up to six gallons depending on the toilet. Showering uses two gallons per minute if you have a water saver showerhead, and up to five gallons per minute if using an older showerhead. A clothes washer can use up to 25 gallons per load. Each person also needs at least two quarts/liters of water daily just for hydration.
During a survival situation/disaster, you will need water for cooking, drinking, personal hygiene, laundry and possibly crop irrigation. It is impractical in some cases to try and store up to 100 gallons per person daily so water conservation will be an important part of your survival plan along with ways to store, collect, filter and purify a water source. Knowing how to properly purify and store water is critical and is something every prepper ought to know. In part two of our three part series we will show you some essential strategies for you to be prepared in case of emergency. If you missed part one read it here. Read more
A three part series on long term sustainable prepping
Water in any situation is a priority, clean, safe drinking water. You must have a renewable and sustainable source that you control. Dug or drilled private wells are ideal. Spring fed lakes or ponds are reliable sources however, they are difficult to control and they will attract others. You will need a source that is currently free of contaminates and can be controlled to prevent future contamination. Fast moving rivers or streams can also be a source of hydropower. Micro water turbines can harness the power of water to generate electricity for your home.
You may not have any of the described options available to you so you would have to stockpile water, and develop a way to collect and store rainwater. Runoff from roofs (gray water) can be collected and stored for crop irrigation or filtered and purified for drinking water. You also have to consider a water source for any livestock you have now or plan to have in the future.
Blue water barrels can be found in various sizes that can be used to store drinking water indefinitely. If the containers are filled using tap water or otherwise purified water, the water can be stored for years if kept sealed.
Blue barrels indicate drinking water and gray barrels indicate gray water. Gray water is water that can be used for irrigation or even laundry. Black water would be sewage runoff, or water contaminated by animal waste.
Stockpile at least a year’s supply of drinking water and start collecting gray water, such as roof runoff for irrigation, livestock watering and other uses. Use the recommended three gallons/12 liters daily per person to calculate approximate amounts needed. The average person needs at least two quarts of water daily just for hydration. The three-gallon per person recommendation considers cooking and personal hygiene.
Have at least a one-year supply of water stockpiled. This allows you the time once disaster strikes to develop alternative sources.
The average person uses during normal daily life between 80 and 100 gallons of water a day. Toilet flushes use between 1.6 and 3.0 gallons of water and the average shower use two gallons of water a minute. Hand washing dishes takes about 20 gallons a day and one load of laundry uses between 20 and 25 gallons of water. Obviously, there will be some lifestyle changes that have to made, and unless you literally have an unlimited source of water, you will have to make some rapid adjustments for long-term survival.
Stay tuned for next week’s conclusion of our three part series.
It is quite easy to get caught up in the ‘mall ninja’ mentality of prepping… I KNOW – I’VE BEEN THERE. What I mean by that is – It is easy to buy gadgets, gizmos, doo-dads and the like based on the notion that you MIGHT one day need them. Well, although fun to buy and play with, doo-dads and gizmos are not essential.
Focus on food and water. As I have stated in previous posts – you may need guns, you may need medicine (probably), you may need all sorts of things; BUT what is for certain? — YOU WILL NEED FOOD AND WATER, NO MATTER WHAT! So, my advice for today is remember the basics and your next prep dollars should go towards food and/or water. Read more